Senior High School

Tanchuling College cultivates academic excellence and lifelong learning through quality education in Senior High School.

Accountancy, Business, and Management (ABM)

In the context of education, “K-12 ABM” typically refers to a specific academic track or strand offered in the K-12 education system, especially in countries like the Philippines. K-12 refers to the education system that covers kindergarten (K) through grade 12. ABM stands for “Accountancy, Business, and Management,” and it’s one of the specialized tracks that students can choose during their senior high school years (grades 11 and 12) in the Philippines.

The ABM strand is designed to prepare students for careers in fields related to accountancy, business, and management. It provides a strong foundation in business concepts, financial literacy, entrepreneurship, and the skills needed to succeed in these fields. Here are some key aspects of the K-12 ABM strand:

  1. Curriculum: The ABM strand curriculum typically includes subjects related to accounting, finance, business management, marketing, economics, entrepreneurship, and other business-related topics. Students also develop their communication, analytical, and problem-solving skills.
  2. Career Preparation: The ABM strand is geared towards preparing students for future careers in business, finance, accounting, entrepreneurship, and management. It provides them with the knowledge and skills necessary for these professions.
  3. Further Education: Many students who complete the ABM strand go on to pursue college degrees in business, accounting, management, or related fields. This strand provides a strong academic foundation for these programs.
  4. Entrepreneurship: ABM also places an emphasis on entrepreneurship, helping students understand the principles of starting and managing their own businesses.
  5. Real-world Experience: Some ABM programs incorporate internships or work-based learning experiences, allowing students to gain practical exposure to the business world.
  6. Diversity of Career Paths: Graduates of the ABM strand can pursue various career paths, such as becoming accountants, business managers, financial analysts, marketing professionals, entrepreneurs, and more.

It’s worth noting that the availability and structure of K-12 education tracks, including ABM, may vary by country and educational system. In the Philippines, the K-12 program was implemented to align the country’s education system with international standards and to better prepare students for various career opportunities, including those in business and management-related fields. Students typically choose their preferred strand or track based on their interests and career goals.

General Academic Strand (GAS)
In the context of K-12 education, “K-12 GAS” refers to the General Academic Strand, which is one of the academic tracks or strands that high school students in the Philippines can choose during their senior high school years (grades 11 and 12). The K-12 program was implemented in the Philippines to provide students with a more diverse and specialized education, and the General Academic Strand is one of the options within this program.

Here are some key aspects of the K-12 General Academic Strand (GAS):

  1. Versatility: The GAS strand is designed to provide students with a well-rounded and flexible education. It does not focus on a specific career or profession, but instead offers a wide range of academic subjects that allow students to explore different fields of knowledge.
  2. Core Subjects: The GAS curriculum typically includes core subjects such as Mathematics, Science, English, Filipino, and Social Studies, along with various elective subjects.
  3. Critical Thinking: The GAS strand emphasizes critical thinking, problem-solving, and research skills, which are valuable in various career paths and academic pursuits.
  4. College Preparation: While the GAS strand does not lead to a specific career, it is designed to prepare students for college education and a broad spectrum of degree programs. It helps students develop the academic and analytical skills necessary for higher education.
  5. Electives: Students in the GAS strand have the opportunity to select elective subjects based on their interests and career goals. These electives can include humanities, social sciences, natural sciences, and other subjects that align with their academic interests.
  6. Career Flexibility: The GAS strand provides a foundation for various careers and college majors, so students are not limited to a particular field or profession. It allows for greater flexibility in choosing a college major and career path.
  7. Research Projects: Some GAS programs may incorporate research projects and presentations, which help students develop strong research and communication skills.

It’s important to note that the availability and structure of academic tracks or strands in the K-12 education system can vary by country, region, or educational system. The General Academic Strand in the Philippines is designed to give students a broad and comprehensive education that prepares them for further studies in college or university, and it is an option for students who have not yet decided on a specific career path. Students may choose their preferred strand based on their interests, aptitudes, and future goals.

Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics (STEM)

K-12 STEM stands for Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics, and it refers to a specialized academic track or strand within the K-12 education system. The K-12 STEM track is designed to focus on subjects and disciplines related to science, technology, engineering, and mathematics. It provides students with a strong foundation in these fields and prepares them for further education or careers in STEM-related areas. This track is offered in various countries and regions, and the specific curriculum and course offerings may vary.

Here are some key aspects of the K-12 STEM track:

  1. Curriculum: The STEM curriculum typically includes subjects related to biology, chemistry, physics, mathematics, computer science, engineering, and other STEM-related topics. Students engage in hands-on activities, experiments, and problem-solving exercises.
  2. Emphasis on Critical Thinking: The K-12 STEM track emphasizes critical thinking, problem-solving, and analytical skills. It encourages students to explore and understand the principles behind scientific phenomena and to apply mathematical concepts to real-world situations.
  3. Integration of Technology: Technology is often integrated into STEM education, helping students become proficient in using technology to conduct experiments, analyze data, and solve problems.
  4. Career Readiness: The STEM track is designed to prepare students for further education or careers in STEM fields. It provides a strong academic foundation for pursuing degrees in science, engineering, technology, mathematics, and related disciplines.
  5. Hands-on Learning: Practical, hands-on experiences are an important component of STEM education. This can include laboratory work, engineering projects, computer programming, and other activities that allow students to apply what they’ve learned.
  6. Interdisciplinary Approach: STEM education often takes an interdisciplinary approach, where students are encouraged to see the connections between science, technology, engineering, and mathematics. This approach reflects the real-world nature of STEM fields, where these disciplines often overlap.
  7. Career Opportunities: Graduates of the K-12 STEM track can pursue careers in a wide range of fields, including engineering, computer science, medicine, environmental science, data analysis, and more. They are also well-prepared for further education in STEM-related majors at the university level.
  8. Innovation and Research: STEM education encourages students to think innovatively and engage in research. This can lead to advancements in various scientific and technological fields.

The K-12 STEM track is designed to meet the growing demand for professionals in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics. It helps students develop skills that are highly valued in today’s technologically-driven and data-driven world. Students who complete the K-12 STEM track are well-prepared to pursue higher education and careers in STEM fields, which are critical for innovation, problem-solving, and technological advancement.

Technical-Vocational-Livelihood (TVL)

K-12 TVL stands for the Technical-Vocational-Livelihood track within the K-12 education system. This track is designed to prepare students for technical and vocational careers, emphasizing practical skills and hands-on training. The K-12 TVL track is one of the available academic tracks that students can choose during their senior high school years (grades 11 and 12) in the Philippines.

Here are some key aspects of the K-12 TVL track:

  1. Practical Skills: The TVL track focuses on providing students with practical skills that are directly applicable to various industries and trades. Students are trained in specific vocational or technical areas of their choice.
  2. Specializations: The TVL track offers various specializations or strands that students can choose from, depending on their interests and career goals. Common specializations include culinary arts, automotive technology, electrical installation and maintenance, information technology, and more.
  3. Work-Based Learning: Many TVL programs incorporate work-based learning experiences, such as internships and on-the-job training, allowing students to gain real-world experience in their chosen field.
  4. Certification: Students who complete the TVL track may earn certificates or qualifications that are recognized by industry standards. These certifications can enhance their employability.
  5. Entrepreneurship: Some TVL strands include entrepreneurship and business-related subjects, equipping students with the knowledge and skills to start their own businesses in their chosen fields.
  6. Career Readiness: The TVL track is designed to prepare students for immediate entry into the workforce or to pursue further education in technical or vocational schools.
  7. Industry-Relevant Skills: TVL programs are aligned with the needs of various industries, helping students develop skills that are in demand in the job market.
  8. Diversity of Career Paths: Graduates of the TVL track can pursue careers in a wide range of fields, such as automotive repair, culinary arts, information technology, welding, cosmetology, and more.

The K-12 TVL track provides students with an alternative to the academic or college-preparatory tracks and offers a pathway for those who are interested in hands-on and technical careers. It recognizes the importance of vocational and technical skills and aims to address the needs of various industries that require a skilled workforce. Students who complete the TVL track can choose to enter the workforce directly, continue their education in technical or vocational schools, or even explore opportunities for entrepreneurship in their chosen field.

Humanities and Social Sciences (HUMSS)
The Humanities and Social Sciences (HUMSS) strand in senior high school is a track that focuses on the study of various disciplines within the fields of humanities, social sciences, and related areas. This strand is designed to provide students with a well-rounded education that cultivates critical thinking, effective communication skills, and a deep understanding of human society and culture. It prepares students for further studies in college and eventual careers that require strong analytical and interpersonal skills.

Key Components of the HUMSS Strand:

  1. Core Subjects:
    1. Philosophy: Introduces students to fundamental philosophical concepts and theories.
    2. World Religions and Belief Systems: Explores various belief systems and religions around the world.
    3. Creative Writing/Malikhaing Pagsulat: Develops students’ skills in expressing themselves through various literary forms.
    4. Understanding Culture, Society, and Politics: Examines the interplay between culture, society, and politics.
  2. Specialized Subjects:
    1. Disciplines in the Social Sciences: Covers subjects like Psychology, Sociology, Anthropology, and Political Science.
    2. Humanities: Includes the study of literature, history, and the arts.
    3. Social Science Research: Teaches research methodologies and skills in conducting social science studies.
  3. Applied Subjects:
    1. Creative Nonfiction: Focuses on developing students’ ability to write informative and engaging nonfiction.
    2. Community Engagement, Solidarity, and Citizenship: Encourages students to actively participate in community activities and understand their role as responsible citizens.
  4. Work Immersion/Research/Career Advocacy and Culminating Activity:
    1. Work Immersion: Provides students with hands-on experience in a work setting related to their chosen field.
    2. Research: Involves the completion of a research project that demonstrates the students’ understanding of their chosen field.
    3. Career Advocacy: Helps students explore career options and develop skills for their chosen profession.
  5. Electives:
    1. Students may choose additional subjects based on their interests and career goals, such as journalism, entrepreneurship, or additional language courses.

Overall, the HUMSS strand is geared towards developing well-rounded individuals who are not only academically competent but also socially aware, culturally sensitive, and capable of critical thinking. It provides a foundation for further studies in fields such as humanities, social sciences, law, education, and other related disciplines. Students who complete the HUMSS strand are well-prepared for college and have a broad range of career options available to them.

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